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The Real Eighties American Cinema, 1980-89 - May 8 to June 23, 2013, Wien Filmmuseum

All ills spring from the 1980s. A transitional decade that witnessed the film industry’s restructuring along the lines of President Reagan’s neoliberal agenda, the eighties did away with the last remnants of New Hollywood while laying the foundations for today’s High Concept wasteland – thus goes an all too familiar tale of decline. The retrospective The Real Eighties questions this commonplace of film history and sides with the mainstream of Hollywood cinema: filmic realisms of the 1980s – in immediate proximity to the dream factories of Steven Spielberg or George Lucas, yet at odds with the decade’s political and aesthetic imperatives – await rediscovery. The Real Eighties forges routes through the cinematic decade, taking no less interest in the small careers of forgotten masters (James B. Harris, Amy Heckerling, Jim McBride, Bill Forsyth) than in the seemingly minor works of the much-acclaimed (Someone to Watch Over Me by Ridley Scott, 1987; Thief by Michael Mann, 1981; The King of Comedy by Martin Scorsese, 1983). The program follows the trails of some defining actors (Mickey Rourke, Debra Winger, Jeff Bridges) but also attempts to restore missed opportunities and lost chances to the canonical course of film history: what would today’s blockbuster look like, for instance, if John Carpenter’s melancholic sci-fi road movie Starman (1984) or Frank LaLoggia’s wondrous kiddie horror film Lady in White (1988) had served as its blueprint, rather than Star Wars and E.T.? Emphatically but without nostalgia, the best films of this conflicted decade relate the passing of the previous era’s utopias, without forgetting those hardy lives that persisted throughout all changes and upheavals. “Because it hurts / so much to face / reality”, as Robert Duvall’s half-broken country singer in Bruce Beresford’s Tender Mercies (1983) puts it. Just like Robert Aldrich’s female-wrestling epic …All the Marbles (1981), Beresford’s country melodrama belongs to a crop of films from the early 1980s that are united by a profound investment in the real lives of the white underclass without taking recourse to the clichés of “white trash”. Neither kitchen-sink dramas nor social problem films, they crafted poetic, intimate views of people left behind. A related cycle of films set among carneys and travelling showmen depicts moments of uprooting and existential isolation amidst established genre formulae: Maybe for the last time, Clint Eastwood’s Bronco Billy (1980) and George A. Romero’s Knightriders (1981) celebrate an America under the open sky. Hollywood in the eighties is widely thought of as a cinema of slick surfaces. The Real Eighties counters this preconception with a series of precipitous Neo-Noirs that, while intimating a fundamental skepticism of the illusory nature of images, occasionally give in to their seductive qualities – such as Brian De Palma’s Blow Out (1981), James Bridges’ forgotten masterpiece Mike’s Murder (1984), and Paul Schrader’s American Gigolo (1980), a thriller-treatise on the commodification of the (male) body, whose smoothness simultaneously attracts and repels the gaze. In No Way Out (1987), a belated and generally under-appreciated paranoia thriller by Roger Donaldson, the notion of a depth hidden beneath the surface is finally divested of all purchase: There really is no way out. Genre cinema, more narrowly defined, also underwent a renaissance during the eighties. From horror, science-fiction and police films The Real Eighties strives to salvage elements of a resistant materiality within that much-maligned decade. Particular attention will be paid to the evolution of film comedy, from its unruly, anarchic incarnations at the dawn of the eighties (Airplane! by Zucker, Abrahams & Zucker, 1980; Fast Times at Ridgemont High by Amy Heckerling, 1982), to the solitary oeuvre of Albert Brooks, that other great neurotic of American cinema (Modern Romance, 1981), and to the John Hughes-penned comedies of (teenage) manners which came to define the latter half of the decade (Some Kind of Wonderful by Howard Deutch, 1987). Alongside comedy, post-classical horror (Day of the Dead by George A. Romero, 1985) and dystopian sci-fi (Escape from New York by John Carpenter, 1981; RoboCop by Paul Verhoeven, 1987) established themselves as the foremost seismographs of the decade’s crises and dislocations. A parallel series at the Filmcasino will lure audiences even deeper into the abyss of popular culture: In conjunction with The Real Eighties, Klub Kaputt presents late night screenings of sunken treasures from the eighties’ B- to Z-cinemas. With its wide-ranging constellation of 47 films, The Real Eighties campaigns for a critical redemption of the 1980s’ cinematic output by virtue of its own images, which counter the decade’s much-heralded loss of reality with realities of their own: no ‘Restauration’, but the long overdue reanimation of a unique moment in film history – caught between loss, excess and the everyday. The retrospective has been curated by ‘The Canine Condition’ (Lukas Foerster, Fabian Tietke, Nikolaus Perneczky, and Cecilia Valenti). Nikolaus Perneczky and Lukas Foerster will introduce several screenings and hold a workshop on June 5, jointly organized with the Dept. of Theatre, Film and Media Studies (University of Vienna). In the framework of its September-October programme, the Film Museum will pay special tribute to another central filmmaker of the 1980s: Joe Dante. His work will be the subject of a retrospective and a new book publication, jointly organised with Kinoteka Ljubljana and the /slash film festival. The retrospective is supported by the U.S. Embassy in Vienna.

 
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1
Titel: Knockoutbrudarna
Originaltitel: ...All the Marbles
Regissör: Robert Aldrich
År: 1981
Längd: 113 min
Genre: Drama, Komedi, Action, Romantik
Film nr.: 15000
2
Titel: Titta vi flyger!
Originaltitel: Airplane!
Regissör: Jim Abrahams, David Zucker, Jerry Zucker
År: 1980
Längd: 88 min
Genre: Komedi, Romantik
Film nr.: 4657
3
Titel: American Gigolo
Originaltitel: American Gigolo
Regissör: Paul Schrader
År: 1980
Längd: 117 min
Genre: Drama, Kriminalare, Thriller
Film nr.: 4432
4
Titel: Öga mot öga
Originaltitel: At Close Range
Regissör: James Foley
År: 1986
Längd: 111 min
Genre: Drama, Kriminalare, Romantik
Film nr.: 2398
5
Titel: Baby It's You
Originaltitel: Baby It's You
Regissör: John Sayles
År: 1983
Längd: 105 min
Genre: Drama, Komedi, Romantik
Film nr.: 13924
6
Titel: Vittnet måste tystas
Originaltitel: Blow Out
Regissör: Brian De Palma
År: 1981
Längd: 107 min
Genre: Thriller
Film nr.: 2590
7
Titel: Till sista andetaget
Originaltitel: Breathless
Regissör: Jim McBride
År: 1983
Längd: 100 min
Genre: Drama, Action, Romantik, Thriller
Film nr.: 2037
8
Titel: Bronco Billy
Originaltitel: Bronco Billy
Regissör: Clint Eastwood
År: 1980
Längd: 116 min
Genre: Drama, Romantik, Äventyr
Film nr.: 547
9
Titel: Christine
Originaltitel: Christine
Regissör: John Carpenter
År: 1983
Längd: 110 min
Genre: Thriller, Skräck
Film nr.: 3506
10
Titel: Colors
Originaltitel: Colors
Regissör: Dennis Hopper
År: 1988
Längd: 120 min
Genre: Drama, Action, Kriminalare, Romantik, Thriller
Film nr.: 2089
11
Titel: Cutter's Way
Originaltitel: Cutter's Way
Regissör: Ivan Passer
År: 1981
Längd: 105 min
Genre: Drama, Thriller
Film nr.: 33866
12
Titel: Day of the Dead
Originaltitel: Day of the Dead
Regissör: George A Romero
År: 1985
Längd: 102 min
Genre: Skräck, Science Fiction
Film nr.: 4816
13
Titel: Flykten från New York
Originaltitel: Escape from New York
Regissör: John Carpenter
År: 1981
Längd: 99 min
Genre: Action, Thriller, Äventyr, Science Fiction
Film nr.: 450
14
Titel: Häftigt drag i plugget
Originaltitel: Fast Times at Ridgemont High
Regissör: Amy Heckerling
År: 1982
Längd: 90 min
Genre: Drama, Komedi, Romantik
Film nr.: 4366
15
Titel: Gloria
Originaltitel: Gloria
Regissör: John Cassavetes
År: 1980
Längd: 123 min
Genre: Drama, Kriminalare, Thriller
Film nr.: 14102
16
Titel: Housekeeping
Originaltitel: Housekeeping
Regissör: Bill Forsyth
År: 1987
Längd: 116 min
Genre: Drama
Film nr.: 30208
17
Titel: Johnny Handsome
Originaltitel: Johnny Handsome
Regissör: Walter Hill
År: 1989
Längd: 94 min
Genre: Drama, Kriminalare
Film nr.: 2035
18
Titel: MC-riddarna
Originaltitel: Knightriders
Regissör: George A Romero
År: 1981
Längd: 145 min
Genre: Drama, Action, Äventyr
Film nr.: 8177
19
Titel: Lady in White
Originaltitel: Lady in White
Regissör: Frank LaLoggia
År: 1988
Längd: 112 min
Genre: Thriller, Skräck, Mysterium
Film nr.: 14747
20
Titel: Midnight Run
Originaltitel: Midnight Run
Regissör: Martin Brest
År: 1988
Längd: 126 min
Genre: Komedi, Action, Kriminalare, Äventyr, Roadmovie
Film nr.: 3810
21
Titel: Modern Romance
Originaltitel: Modern Romance
Regissör: Albert Brooks
År: 1981
Längd: 93 min
Genre: Komedi, Romantik
Film nr.: 26439
22
Titel: Ingen utväg
Originaltitel: No Way Out
Regissör: Roger Donaldson
År: 1987
Längd: 114 min
Genre: Drama, Action, Kriminalare, Thriller, Mysterium
Film nr.: 6193
23
Titel: Out of the Blue
Originaltitel: Out of the Blue
Regissör: Dennis Hopper
År: 1980
Längd: 93 min
Genre: Drama
Film nr.: 9534
24
Titel: Patty Hearst
Originaltitel: Patty Hearst
Regissör: Paul Schrader
År: 1988
Längd: 108 min
Genre: Drama
Film nr.: 8441
25
Titel: Prince of the City
Originaltitel: Prince of the City
Regissör: Sidney Lumet
År: 1981
Längd: 167 min
Genre: Drama, Kriminalare
Film nr.: 9219
26
Titel: Repo Man
Originaltitel: Repo Man
Regissör: Alex Cox
År: 1984
Längd: 92 min
Genre: Komedi, Kriminalare, Science Fiction
Film nr.: 8127
27
Titel: RoboCop
Originaltitel: RoboCop
Regissör: Paul Verhoeven
År: 1987
Längd: 102 min
Genre: Action, Kriminalare, Science Fiction
Film nr.: 438
28
Titel: Flykt utan mål
Originaltitel: Running on Empty
Regissör: Sidney Lumet
År: 1988
Längd: 111 min
Genre: Drama
Film nr.: 5544
29
Titel: Some Kind of Wonderful
Originaltitel: Some Kind of Wonderful
Regissör: Howard Deutch
År: 1987
Längd: 95 min
Genre: Drama, Romantik
Film nr.: 6918
30
Titel: I skuggan av ett brott
Originaltitel: Someone to Watch Over Me
Regissör: Ridley Scott
År: 1987
Längd: 106 min
Genre: Drama, Action, Kriminalare, Thriller
Film nr.: 2307
31
Titel: I vildaste laget
Originaltitel: Something Wild
Regissör: Jonathan Demme
År: 1986
Längd: 113 min
Genre: Komedi, Romantik, Roadmovie
Film nr.: 10515
32
Titel: Inkräktarna
Originaltitel: Southern Comfort
Regissör: Walter Hill
År: 1981
Längd: 99 min
Genre: Drama, Thriller, Krig
Film nr.: 3570
33
Titel: Starman
Originaltitel: Starman
Regissör: John Carpenter
År: 1984
Längd: 115 min
Genre: Drama, Romantik, Äventyr, Science Fiction, Roadmovie
Film nr.: 2027
34
Titel: På nåd och onåd
Originaltitel: Tender Mercies
Regissör: Bruce Beresford
År: 1983
Längd: 92 min
Genre: Drama
Film nr.: 5230
35
Titel: Ömhetsbevis
Originaltitel: Terms of Endearment
Regissör: James L Brooks
År: 1983
Längd: 132 min
Genre: Drama, Komedi, Romantik
Film nr.: 5715
36
Titel: Brottsplats New Orleans
Originaltitel: The Big Easy
Regissör: Jim McBride
År: 1987
Längd: 108 min
Genre: Drama, Action, Kriminalare, Romantik, Mysterium
Film nr.: 3342
37
Titel: De fantastiska Baker Boys
Originaltitel: The Fabulous Baker Boys
Regissör: Steven Kloves
År: 1989
Längd: 114 min
Genre: Drama
Film nr.: 5315
38
Titel: King of Comedy
Originaltitel: The King of Comedy
Regissör: Martin Scorsese
År: 1983
Längd: 109 min
Genre: Drama, Komedi, Kriminalare
Film nr.: 2147
39
Titel: Outsiders
Originaltitel: The Outsiders
Regissör: Francis Ford Coppola
År: 1983
Längd: 91 min
Genre: Drama, Kriminalare
Film nr.: 4706
40
Titel: Terminator
Originaltitel: The Terminator
Regissör: James Cameron
År: 1984
Längd: 108 min
Genre: Action, Thriller, Science Fiction
Film nr.: 248
41
Titel: Änglarnas stad – Los Angeles
Originaltitel: To Live and Die in L.A.
Regissör: William Friedkin
År: 1985
Längd: 116 min
Genre: Drama, Action, Kriminalare, Thriller
Film nr.: 8757
42
Titel: I skottlinjen
Originaltitel: Under Fire
Regissör: Roger Spottiswoode
År: 1983
Längd: 128 min
Genre: Drama, Krig
Film nr.: 373
43
Titel: Vit hund
Originaltitel: White Dog
Regissör: Samuel Fuller
År: 1981
Längd: 89 min
Genre: Drama, Thriller, Skräck
Film nr.: 24392
44
Titel: Drakens år
Originaltitel: Year of the Dragon
Regissör: Michael Cimino
År: 1985
Längd: 134 min
Genre: Drama, Action, Kriminalare, Thriller
Film nr.: 8751
45
Titel: Cop
Originaltitel: Cop
Regissör: James B Harris
År: 1988
Längd: 110 min
Genre: Drama, Kriminalare, Thriller
Film nr.: 9102
 

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